|Kim Jong Un has just promoted his 28-year-old sister Kim Yo Jong|
The 33-year-old told the party's Central Committee that Kim Yo Jong, 28, would become an alternate member of the politburo, the country's top decision-making body of which Mr Kim is president.
His sister's promotion "shows that her portfolio and writ is far more substantive than previously believed", said Michael Madden, a North Korea expert at Johns Hopkins University's 38 North website.
|Mr Kim praised the country's missile programme at the meeting|
Ms Kim was one of several North Korean officials blacklisted by the US Treasury in January over "severe human rights abuses".
Mr Kim praised the country's missile programme at the meeting
State media is reporting that Mr Kim addressed the "complicated international situation" during the party meeting.
He called the country's nuclear weapons a "powerful deterrent firmly safeguarding the peace and security in the Korean peninsula and Northeast Asia".
|The Central Committee of the Workers' Party of Korea meets in Pyongyang|
In the past few weeks they have launched two missiles over Japan and conducted their sixth nuclear test, escalating tensions on the Korean peninsula and with the United States.
Kim's comments were made before US President Donald Trump tweeted that diplomacy with Pyongyang had failed and that "only one thing will work" when dealing with North Korea.
The US President's recent statements about North Korea have been criticised by the Labour shadow foreign secretary Emily Thornberry.
"He is playing games, he is using intemperate, completely inappropriate language in very dangerous times because the difficulty will be how will North Korea interpret that?" she told Sky News' Sunday with Niall Paterson.
"And there could be a miscalculation, a misunderstanding that could lead us into terrible circumstances.
"This is not the way for the leader of the free world to behave."
The Central Committee of the Workers' Party of Korea meets in Pyongyang
Two of the men responsible for the North Korean leader's rocket programme, Kim Jong Sik and Ri Pyong Chol, were also promoted at the meeting.
North Korea's foreign minister, Ri Yong Ho, who called Donald Trump "President Evil" in a speech to the UN, was promoted as well.
He was made a full vote-carrying member of the politburo.