A wounded soldier is carried through mud during the Battle of Passchendaele
The Duke and Duchess of Cambridge will be among those gathering in Belgium later to mark 100 years since the Battle of Passchendaele began.The offensive - which comprised eight battles - began on 31 July 1917 and lasted until 10 November 1917.
It is estimated to have claimed the lives of 275,000 British Empire troops in the West Flanders region of northern Belgium.
The French lost around 8,500 soldiers, while estimates for German casualties range from 217,000 to 260,000.
The battlefields turned into liquid mud.
The 'Last Tommy', Harry Patch, who died aged 111 in July 2009, was among those who fought in the offensive.
:: Passchendaele - 100 years on from WW1's muddy carnage
The Tyne Cot military cemetery, where the bodies of soldiers of the Commonwealth army lie
Prince Charles, Theresa May and Defence Secretary Sir Michael Fallon will also be attending events in and around Ypres.
At 7pm UK time, a Last Post ceremony will begin at the Menin Gate, which is etched with the names of thousands of missing soldiers.
There will also be events at the Tyne Cot military cemetery on Monday.
On 31 July 2017 it will be 100 years since the start of the Battle of Passchendaele, between the Britain Empire and its allies and the German Empire, in the First World War
Sir Michael Fallon said: "These services provide us with the time to reflect on the sacrifice not just of the thousands of British and Commonwealth troops who gave their lives, but of the men on all sides who did not return home.
"This was a battle which touched communities across Europe and it is a privilege to be here in Belgium to stand as friends with the representatives of all the countries who took part in the battle - friends who continue to be strong allies."

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