|The remains of the jet have been pieced back together as part of the investigation|
The Dutch foreign ministry has confirmed it will pursue the prosecutions but also said it would continue with international co-operation over the case.
The decision follows attempts, which were blocked by Russia in 2015, to set up an international court over the incident.
The Netherlands' foreign ministry said the suspects, who have not yet been named, will be tried under Dutch law.
All 298 people on board were killed when the plane was downed in eastern Ukraine. The tally included people from 17 countries - 196 of the victims were Dutch.
|A graphic representation of a missile strike on the plane|
The investigation concluded the plane was shot down from the ground by a Buk missile moved into Ukraine from Russia.
It said it was unclear whether soldiers had been ordered to fire the missile or had acted independently.
|The wreckage of MH17 was spread over several miles of Ukraine|
Foreign minister Bert Koenders said on Wednesday that the Dutch-led investigative team, which includes Australia, Belgium, Malaysia and Ukraine, will continue to operate during the "prosecution phase".
The Boeing 777 was hit during a flight between Amsterdam and Kuala Lumpur on 17 July 2014, spreading wreckage over several miles of Ukraine.